SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Strybing Arboretum - San Francisco, CA, Kauai, HI and Lyon Arboretum - Honolulu, HI
A small tree, with rough leaves introduced to Hawai'i by Polynesians, and used to make high-quality textiles (Kapa cloth). It’s also useful in making paper, scrolls and screens, furniture and utensils, and root fibers that can be weaved into rope. Many modern papermakers regard paper mulberry as the highest quality fiber. It is propagated by cuttings. Broussonetiapapyrifera has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 3 (Evaluate), and the Plant Pono link is: https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/broussonetia-papyrifera/.
Native to China, Japan, Korea, Indochina, Burma, and India.
Trees may be referred to as male or female.
Additional Common Names
PAPER MULBERRY, WAUKE
Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy.
Has Partly Deciduous foliage.
Height: 50 feet.
Width: 40 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 40 to 150 years.
Leaves Ovate to Deeply Lobed, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Partly Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. green. Flowers in Spring. Has either male or female reproductive parts (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.
Orange or Red Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Winter or Summer.
Bark Dark Brown or Light Gray, Furrowed, Ridged or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 3 - 24; H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 6 - 10.
Exposure Full Sun.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Armillaria.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Broussonetia papyrifera Tree Record." 1995-2021. Apr 17, 2021.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/broussonetia-papyrifera >