SelecTree: Tree Detail
MEXICAN BIRD OF PARADISE
Photo Locations: Huntington Botanical Gardens - San Marino, CA
Utility friendly tree.
Small tree or large shrub. Hardy to 15 degrees F., but can resprout after cooler temperatures. Yellow flowers are followed by pods that burst open when ripe.
Has fragrant Flower.
Native to Northern Mexico.
Caesalpinia mexicana var. pubescens
Additional Common Names
MEXICAN BIRD OF PARADISE, MEXICAN CAESALPINIA, MEXICAN POINCIANA
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 15 - 25 feet.
Width: 12 - 18 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity Less than 50 years.
Leaves Bipinnately Compound, Medium Green, Evergreen.
Flowers Showy. Fragrant Yellow. Flowers in Summer or Fall. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Brown Pod, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall.
Bark Light Green or Red Brown, Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Low in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Low out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 12 - 16 and 18 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 8 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun.
Moist to Dry and Well Drained Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Acidic Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Armillaria and Root Rot.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Poisonous Health Hazard.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Caesalpinia mexicana Tree Record." 1995-2018. May 22, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/caesalpinia-mexicana >