SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Lyon Arboretum - Honolulu, HI and Ho'omaluhia Botanical Garden - Kaneohe, HI
A widely grown tree that was introduced to Hawaii from the South Pacific by early Polynesian settlers. True kamani is not to be confused with the ubiquitous shoreline tree, false kamani or tropical almond, (Terminalia catappa). Kamani’s unscented, reddish-brown hardwood can be used to carve and construct many wooden objects from utensils and bowls to canoes and homes. The sweetly-scented flowers smell of orange blossoms and are used in leis and to give fragrance to kapa cloth. Like kukui, a lamp oil can be derived from the large seeds. Kamani is considered a sacred tree in parts of Polynesia and was planted around Hawaiian temples. Calophyllum inophyllum has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 6 (Evaluate).
Has fragrant Flower.
Native to Eastern Africa, Southern India to Malaysia, and Australia.
Previously listed in the Clusiaceae family.
Additional Common Names
KAMANI, TAMANU, MASTWOOD, BEACH CALOPHYLLUM, BEAUTYLEAF, SINHALA, ALEXANDRIAN LAUREL, TRUE KAMANI, BORNEO MAHOGANY, BEACH MAHOGANY, POON, OIL NUT TRE
Conical or Rounded Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 35 - 50 feet.
Width: 30 - 50 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.
Leaves Oval, Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Green Drupe, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Fall.
Bark Brown, Rough.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense to Very Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Fruit and Leaves.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Well Drained Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Acidic to Alkaline Soil pH.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Poisonous Health Hazard.
Special Uses & Values
Specimen, Buffer Strip, Container, Screen or Street Tree.
Espalier or Hedged.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Calophyllum inophyllum Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 9, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/calophyllum-inophyllum >