SelecTree: Tree Detail
ERECT EUROPEAN HORNBEAM
Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata'
Photo Locations: Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Strybing Arboretum - San Francisco, CA
Not recommended for Southern California or desert areas. Needs little pruning.
Columnar or Conical Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 40 - 50 feet.
Width: 40 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Ovate, Dark Green, Red or Orange, Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown Samara, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Winter or Summer.
Bark Light Gray, Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 2 - 9 and 14 - 17.
USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 8.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Well Drained Soil.
Clay or Loam Texture.
Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Scales, Armillaria and Root Rot.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
None Known Health Hazard.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata' Tree Record." 1995-2021. Jan 21, 2021.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/carpinus-betulus-fastigiata >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI