SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Washington Park Arboretum - Seattle, WA, Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, Louisiana State Arboretum - Ville Platte, LA and Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR
Not recommended for Southern California or desert areas. Requires a moderate amount of water. Its strong wood is often used to manufacture tool handles. This tree is sometimes called Musclewood because its gray bark can be smooth but heavily fluted, giving it a muscular appearance.
Native to Eastern North America.
Additional Common Names
AMERICAN HORNBEAM, IRONWOOD, BLUE BEECH, MUSCLEWOOD
Erect with a Low Canopy.
Rounded or Umbrella Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 20 - 35 feet.
Width: 20 - 30 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Ovate, Dark Green, Red, Gold, Orange or Multicolored, Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Yellow-green. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown or Red Winged Seed, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Winter or Summer Wildlife use it.
Bark Light Gray, Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 9 and 14 - 17.
USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 9.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Wet to Moist Soil.
Clay or Loam Texture.
Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Oak Root Rot and Root Rot.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Carpinus caroliniana Tree Record." 1995-2018. Feb 20, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/carpinus-caroliniana >