SelecTree: Tree Detail

CLUSTERED FISHTAIL PALM
Caryota mitis

Caryota mitis Caryota mitis Caryota mitis Caryota mitis Caryota mitis Caryota mitis Caryota mitis Caryota mitis Caryota mitis Caryota mitis Caryota mitis Caryota mitis Caryota mitis Caryota mitis Caryota mitis

Photo Locations: University of Florida - Miami, FL, Quail Botanical Gardens - Encinitas, CA, Huntington Botanical Gardens - San Marino, CA, Tropical Gardens of Maui and Lotusland - Santa Barbara, CA

General Notes

This palm forms clumps with multiple trunks, and the main shoot dies after flowering and fruiting. It’s often planted as a shrubby hedging border and in outdoor container plantings. This is a much smaller, often multi-stemmed palm, compared to Caryota gigas. It tolerates heavy shade and is often used in interior plantings in commercial buildings. Caryota mitis has a HPWRA (Hawaii Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 1 and the Plant Pono link is: https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/caryota-mitis/.

Native to Southeast Asia.

Family: Arecaceae

Additional Common Names

CLUSTERED FISHTAIL PALM, FISHTAIL PALM, HAWAIIAN FISHTAIL PALM, BURMESE FISHTAIL PALM

Tree Characteristics

Erect with a Low Canopy.

Palm Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 40 feet.

Width: 10 - 20 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 Inches per Year.

Longevity 40 to 150 years.

Leaves Bipinnately Compound, Light Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. . Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Black or Mostly Blue Drupe, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches).

Bark Green, Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 23 - 24; H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.

Exposure Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Slightly Acidic Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Moderate Inland.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Texas Root Rot. Susceptible to Scales and Spider Mites.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Irritant Health Hazard.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Caryota mitis Tree Record." 1995-2020. Jul 11, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/caryota-mitis >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.