SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Sacramento State University - Sacramento, CA, Cal Poly Campus - San Luis Obispo, CA and Fresno, CA
Moderate to fast growing deciduous tree.
Native to Southern Europe.
A Celtis australis in Sacramento Capital Park #159 is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 98 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 147 inches and a crown spread of 70 feet.
Previously listed in the Ulmaceae family.
Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 40 - 70 feet.
Width: 40 - 50 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years or more.
Leaves Ovate, Gray Green or Dark Green, Gold, Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Black or Purple Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Edible and Wildlife use it.
Bark Mottled, Dark Gray or Light Green, Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 8 - 16 and 18 - 20.
USDA Hardiness Zones 6 - 8.
Exposure Full Sun to Full Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Armillaria.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Celtis australis Tree Record." 1995-2019. May 26, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/celtis-australis >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI