SelecTree: Tree Detail

SUGARBERRY
Celtis laevigata

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Photo Locations: Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, LSU Hilltop Arboretum - Baton Rouge, LA and Louisiana State Arboretum - Ville Platte, LA

General Notes

A medium to large deciduous tree with slightly drooping branches. Fruit is sweet and edible. Wood is widely used for production of furniture and plywood.

Native to North America.

Family: Cannabaceae
Previously listed in the Ulmaceae family.

Additional Common Names

SUGARBERRY, SUGAR HACKBERRY, COMMON HACKBERRY, MISSISSIPPI HACKBERRY

Tree Characteristics

Spreading with a High Canopy.

Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 50 - 60 feet.

Width: 40 - 50 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Ovate, Medium to Light Green, Gold, Deciduous.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Greenish-White. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Orange, Purple or Red Drupe, Very Small (Under 0.25 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter or Summer Edible and Wildlife use it.

Bark Mottled, Light Gray, Rough or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 2 - 20.

USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 10.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Beetle Leaves and Scales, Mistletoe, Oak Root Rot and Root Rot.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as High.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Celtis laevigata Tree Record." 1995-2018. Feb 24, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/celtis-laevigata >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.