SelecTree: Tree Detail

COMMON HACKBERRY
Celtis occidentalis

Celtis occidentalis Celtis occidentalis Celtis occidentalis Celtis occidentalis Celtis occidentalis Celtis occidentalis Celtis occidentalis Celtis occidentalis Celtis occidentalis Celtis occidentalis Celtis occidentalis Celtis occidentalis Celtis occidentalis Celtis occidentalis Celtis occidentalis

Photo Locations: University of Minnesota, Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA and UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA, San Francisco, CA, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA

General Notes

Resistant to oak root fungus. Late leafing-out characteristic is favorable for solar heating in winter and spring.

Native to Eastern North America.

Family: Cannabaceae
Previously listed in the Ulmaceae family.

Tree Characteristics

Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 45 - 80 feet.

Width: 40 - 50 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years or more.

Leaves Ovate, Medium to Light Green, Gold, Deciduous.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown, Orange or Purple Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Edible.

Bark Dark Gray or Light Gray, Blocky, Rough or Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 2 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Full Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Armillaria. Susceptible to Beetle Leaves and Caterpillars.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Attracts Birds.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Celtis occidentalis Tree Record." 1995-2018. Dec 9, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/celtis-occidentalis >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI