SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden - Claremont, CA and Berekely Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA
Utility friendly tree.
Very drought tolerant. Fine hairs on seeds are an irritant. Subsp. traskiae is an endangered species on Catalina Island.
Native to the foothills of Southwestern Oregon and California and Northern Baja California.
Additional Common Names
MOUNTAIN IRONWOOD, HARDTACK, SWEET BRUSH, MOUNTAIN MAHOGANY, BIRCHLEAF MOUNTAIN MAHOGANY
Rounded, Umbrella or Vase Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 10 - 20 feet.
Width: 10 - 20 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 40 to 150 years.
Leaves Rhomboidal, Gray Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Green, Red or White. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Brown Follicle, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer.
Bark Light Green or Light Gray, Scaly or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 3, 5, 7 - 10 and 13 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 9.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy and Irritant Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Low.
Fire Resistance is Conflicting.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Cercocarpus betuloides Tree Record." 1995-2018. Jun 24, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/cercocarpus-betuloides >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI