SelecTree: Tree Detail

CAMPHOR TREE
Cinnamomum camphora

Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum camphora

Photo Locations: Cal Poly State University - San Luis Obispo, CA, Stanford, CA, Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA, San Jose, CA, Salinas, CA, Sacramento, CA, San Luis Obispo, CA and Balboa Park - San Diego, CA

General Notes

The camphor tree is commonly planted along California streets and less common in Hawaii. These broad-leaved evergreens have fissured bark, stout branches, and pale green, glossy leaves that smell of camphor when crushed (camphor oil comes from distilled wood chips). Camphors’ aggressive surface roots and ever-widening trunks tend to lift sidewalks, heave curbs, and consume walkways. The bark from the closely related tree Cinnamomum zeylanicum(rarely planted in Hawaii) is the source of cinnamon sticks and ground cinnamon. Cinnamomum camphora has a HPWRA (Hawaii Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 14 (High Risk).

Has fragrant Flower and Leaf.

Native to China and Japan.

A Cinnamomum camphora in Stanislaus is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 53 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 294 inches and a crown spread of 121 feet.

Family: Lauraceae

Additional Common Names

CAMPHOR TREE, CAMPHOR LAUREL

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 50 - 65 feet.

Width: 50 - 60 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years or more.

Leaves Oval, Glossy Light to Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Fragrant Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Black Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Winter or Summer.

Bark Dark Gray, Light Gray or Red Brown, Blocky or Furrowed.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 8, 9 and 12 - 24; H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Anthracnose, Armillaria, Phytophthora, Root Rot and Verticillium.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as High.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Low.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Attracts Birds.

Special Uses & Values

Hedged.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Cinnamomum camphora Tree Record." 1995-2020. Jun 5, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/cinnamomum-camphora >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI