SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: University of Hawaii - Hilo, HI
Utility friendly tree.
This plant is weedy. We do not recommend planting it in Hawai’i.
This species is a large shrub or small tree that is popular as a street tree in parts of its native range in southern Mexico, throughout Central America, to northern South America. In Central America its wood is used for everything from fence posts to furniture and its fragrant flowers are a source of nectar for bees. It has leathery leaves, as opposed to the more membranous leaves of C. spinosum. It is naturalized and spreading throughout the windward sides of several Hawaiian Islands, as birds are attracted to the small fruits. Citharexylum caudatum has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 15 (High Risk).
Has fragrant Flower.
Native to Mexico to northern South America.
Additional Common Names
FIDDLEWOOD, ZITHERWOOD, JUNIPER BERRY
Erect Low or High Canopy.
Columnar or Rounded Shape.
Has Partly Deciduous foliage.
Height: 20 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity Less than 50 years.
Leaves Elliptic to Oval, Green, Red or Orange, Partly Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Fragrant White. Flowers in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Prolific, Orange, Red Drupe, Very Small to Small (Under 0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer.
Bark Light Brown to Dark Gray, Rough or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Fruit and Leaves.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Black Twig Borers.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Attracts Birds and Bees.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Citharexylum caudatum Tree Record." 1995-2021. Apr 17, 2021.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/citharexylum-caudatum >