SelecTree: Tree Detail

FIDDLEWOOD
Citharexylum caudatum

Citharexylum caudatum Citharexylum caudatum Citharexylum caudatum Citharexylum caudatum Citharexylum caudatum Citharexylum caudatum Citharexylum caudatum Citharexylum caudatum Citharexylum caudatum Citharexylum caudatum Citharexylum caudatum Citharexylum caudatum

Photo Locations: University of Hawaii - Hilo, HI

General Notes

Utility Friendly Tree Utility friendly tree.

This plant is weedy. We do not recommend planting it in Hawai’i.

This species is a large shrub or small tree that is popular as a street tree in parts of its native range in southern Mexico, throughout Central America, to northern South America. In Central America its wood is used for everything from fence posts to furniture and its fragrant flowers are a source of nectar for bees. It has leathery leaves, as opposed to the more membranous leaves of C. spinosum.  It is naturalized and spreading throughout the windward sides of several Hawaiian Islands, as birds are attracted to the small fruits. Citharexylum caudatum has a HPWRA (Hawaii Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 15 (High Risk).

Has fragrant Flower.

Family: Verbenaceae

Additional Common Names

FIDDLEWOOD, ZITHERWOOD, JUNIPER BERRY

Tree Characteristics

Erect Low or High Canopy.

Columnar or Rounded Shape.

Has Partly Deciduous foliage.

Height: 20 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Less than 50 years.

Leaves Elliptic to Oval, Green, Red or Orange, Partly Deciduous.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Fragrant White. Flowers in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Prolific, Orange, Red Drupe, Very Small to Small (Under 0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer.

Bark Light Brown to Dark Gray, Rough or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Fruit and Leaves.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Black Twig Borers.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Attracts Birds and Bees.

Special Uses & Values

Street Tree.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Citharexylum caudatum Tree Record." 1995-2020. Jul 11, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/citharexylum-caudatum >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.