SelecTree: Tree Detail

FIDDLEWOOD
Citharexylum spinosum

Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum

Photo Locations: Pinceville, Hilo and Oahu, HI

General Notes

Fiddlewood is a popular shade and street tree around Honolulu and other urban areas throughout Hawai'i. It thrives in both wet and dry situations but seems to prefer the latter' it is used as a street tree in dry leeward areas. It is fast growing and easy to care for and has a nonaggressive root system. Female trees should be cut and replaced with male trees as birds can spread the seeds into native forests, and the ripe fruit can become messsy and may require cleanup.

The fruit can be eaten raw and the twigs and bark are used for medicinal purposes. The heartwood can be used to make furniture.

WRA score 7, NA

Has fragrant Flower.

Native to Northern South America and Lesser Antilles.

Trees may be referred to as male or female.

Family: Verbenaceae

Additional Common Names

FIDDLEWOOD, FLORIDA FIDDLEWOOD, SPINY FIDDLEWOOD

Tree Characteristics

Low or High Canopy.

Oval or Rounded Shape.

Has Partly Deciduous foliage.

Height: 50 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Leaves Ovate to Lanceolate, Green, Bronze or Gold, Partly Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.

Prolific, Orange, Black Berry, Very Small to Small (Under 0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Wildlife use it.

Bark Light Brown to Gray, Rough or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit, Flowers and Leaves.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Weak to Medium Weak

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Shade Tree, Street Tree.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Citharexylum spinosum Tree Record." 1995-2020. Apr 6, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/citharexylum-spinosum >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.