SelecTree: Tree Detail

FIDDLEWOOD
Citharexylum spinosum

Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum Citharexylum spinosum

Photo Locations: Pinceville, Hilo and Oahu, HI

General Notes

Fiddlewood is a popular shade and street tree around Honolulu and other urban areas throughout Hawai'i. It thrives in many conditions but seems to do best in drier areas as street trees in leeward areas. The species is dioecious (separate male and female individuals) and only males should be planted so the fruit on females are not dispersed into native forests by birds. The fruit can also be messy. The fruit can be eaten raw, twigs and bark are medicinal, and the wood can be used to make furniture. Citharexylum spinosum has a HPWRA (Hawaii Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 7 (High Risk).

WRA score 7, NA

Has fragrant Flower.

Native to Northern South America and Lesser Antilles.

Trees may be referred to as male or female.

Family: Verbenaceae

Additional Common Names

FIDDLEWOOD, FLORIDA FIDDLEWOOD, SPINY FIDDLEWOOD

Tree Characteristics

Low or High Canopy.

Rounded Shape.

Has Partly Deciduous foliage.

Height: 50 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Leaves Ovate to Lanceolate, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Partly Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.

Prolific, Orange, Black Berry, Very Small to Small (Under 0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Wildlife use it.

Bark Light Brown to Gray, Rough or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit, Flowers and Leaves.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Weak to Medium Weak

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Shade Tree, Street Tree.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Citharexylum spinosum Tree Record." 1995-2020. Jul 11, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/citharexylum-spinosum >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.