SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Pinceville, Hilo and Oahu, HI
Fiddlewood is a popular shade and street tree around Honolulu and other urban areas throughout Hawai'i. It thrives in many conditions but seems to do best in drier areas as street trees in leeward areas. The species is dioecious (separate male and female individuals) and only males should be planted so the fruit on females are not dispersed into native forests by birds. The fruit can also be messy. The fruit can be eaten raw, twigs and bark are medicinal, and the wood can be used to make furniture. Citharexylum spinosum has a HPWRA (Hawaii Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 7 (High Risk).
WRA score 7, NA
Has fragrant Flower.
Native to Northern South America and Lesser Antilles.
Trees may be referred to as male or female.
Additional Common Names
FIDDLEWOOD, FLORIDA FIDDLEWOOD, SPINY FIDDLEWOOD
Low or High Canopy.
Has Partly Deciduous foliage.
Height: 50 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Leaves Ovate to Lanceolate, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Partly Deciduous.
Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.
Prolific, Orange, Black Berry, Very Small to Small (Under 0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Wildlife use it.
Bark Light Brown to Gray, Rough or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Wet Fruit, Flowers and Leaves.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Weak to Medium Weak
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Special Uses & Values
Shade Tree, Street Tree.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Citharexylum spinosum Tree Record." 1995-2020. Jul 11, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/citharexylum-spinosum >