SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: University of Miami - Miami, FL, Hilo, Kona and Oahu, HI
Sea grape is a widely cultivated small tree on Pacific Islands as a salt-tolerant coastal and beach plant. Long fruiting structures hang from the branch tips of female treeS during summer. The fruit is edible and used to make jelly. The fruits can stain sidewalks and automobiles. Unripe, green fruits are made into leis and sold as false mokihana. Sea grape planting is popular as a hedge or windbreak for oceanfront properties. Coccoloba uvifera has a HPWRA (Hawaii Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 7 (High Risk).
WRA score 7, High risk
Native to Tropical Americas.
Trees may be referred to as male or female.
Additional Common Names
SEA GRAPE, BAY GRAPE, SEASIDE GRAPE, FALSE MOKIHANA
Oval or Rounded Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 25 - 30 feet.
Width: 20 - 30 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Leaves Cordate to Ovate, Light Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Whitish Green. Flowers in Spring or Fall. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.
Prolific, Green, Dark Red Achene, Very Small to Small (Under 0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Wildlife use it.
Bark Gray, Exfoliating, Scaly or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit or Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 24; H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 12.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Well Drained Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Acidic to Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Variegation causing virus.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Strong.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Attracts Birds and Bees.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Special Uses & Values
Shade Tree, Screen Tree, Seaside, Xerophytic.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Coccoloba uvifera Tree Record." 1995-2020. Apr 6, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/coccoloba-uvifera >