SelecTree: Tree Detail

SEA GRAPE
Coccoloba uvifera

Coccoloba uvifera Coccoloba uvifera Coccoloba uvifera Coccoloba uvifera Coccoloba uvifera Coccoloba uvifera Coccoloba uvifera Coccoloba uvifera Coccoloba uvifera Coccoloba uvifera Coccoloba uvifera Coccoloba uvifera Coccoloba uvifera Coccoloba uvifera Coccoloba uvifera

Photo Locations: University of Miami - Miami, FL, Hilo, Kona and Oahu, HI

General Notes

Sea grape is a widely cultivated small tree on Pacific Islands as a salt-tolerant coastal and beach plant. Long fruiting structures hang from the branch tips of female trees during summer. The fruit is edible and used to make jelly. The fruits can stain sidewalks and automobiles. Unripe, green fruits are made into leis and sold as false mokihana. Sea grape planting is popular as a hedge or windbreak for oceanfront properties. Coccoloba uvifera has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 7 (High Risk).

Native to Tropical Americas.

Trees may be referred to as male or female.

Family: Polygonaceae

Additional Common Names

SEA GRAPE, BAY GRAPE, SEASIDE GRAPE, FALSE MOKIHANA

Tree Characteristics

Rounded Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 25 - 30 feet.

Width: 20 - 30 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Leaves Cordate to Ovate, Light Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. green. Flowers in Spring or Fall. Has either male or female reproductive parts (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.

Prolific, Green, Dark Red Achene, Very Small to Small (Under 0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Wildlife use it.

Bark Gray, Exfoliating, Scaly or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 24; H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 12.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Well Drained Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Acidic to Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Variegation causing virus.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Strong.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Bees.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Shade Tree, Screen Tree, Seaside, Xerophytic.

Hedged.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Coccoloba uvifera Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 9, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/coccoloba-uvifera >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.