SelecTree: Tree Detail

Cornus mas

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Photo Locations: Morris Arboretum - Philadelphia, PA, Washington Park Arboretum - Seattle, WA, Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA

General Notes

Utility Friendly Tree Utility friendly tree.

Cornelian Cherry rarely reaches sufficient height to be an effective shade tree, but it is useful as a small garden specimen, patio tree or landscape accent tree. Its flaking, mottled bark is quite attractive. It is very hardy, and tolerates alkaline soils. It needs ample water but is a very hardy tree. It has a delicate branching habit, edible fruit and yellow to red fall color.

Has fragrant Flower.

Native to Southern Europe and Asia.

Family: Cornaceae

Additional Common Names


Tree Characteristics

Rounded or Spreading Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 15 - 20 feet.

Width: 15 - 20 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Oval, Light Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant Yellow. Flowers in Spring or Winter. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Prolific, Red Drupe, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Edible.

Bark Black or Red Brown, Exfoliating.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Low out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 6.

USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 8.

Exposure Partial Shade to Full Shade.

Moist Soil.

Clay or Loam Texture.

Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Scales, Anthracnose, Phytophthora and Root Rot.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Deer Palatable.

Special Uses & Values


Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Cornus mas Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 9, 2020.
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