SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Morris Arboretum - Philadelphia, PA, Washington Park Arboretum - Seattle, WA, Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA
Utility friendly tree.
Cornelian Cherry rarely reaches sufficient height to be an effective shade tree, but it is useful as a small garden specimen, patio tree or landscape accent tree. Its flaking, mottled bark is quite attractive. It is very hardy, and tolerates alkaline soils. It needs ample water but is a very hardy tree. It has a delicate branching habit, edible fruit and yellow to red fall color.
Has fragrant Flower.
Native to Southern Europe and Asia.
Additional Common Names
CORNELIAN DOGWOOD, CORNELIAN CHERRY DOGWOOD
Rounded or Umbrella Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 15 - 20 feet.
Width: 15 - 20 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Oval, Glossy Light to Medium Green, Gold or Red, Deciduous.
Flowers Showy. Fragrant Yellow. Flowers in Spring or Winter. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Prolific, Red Drupe, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Edible.
Bark Black or Red Brown, Exfoliating.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Low out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 6.
USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 8.
Exposure Partial Shade to Full Shade.
Clay or Loam Texture.
Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Scales, Anthracnose, Phytophthora and Root Rot.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Cornus mas Tree Record." 1995-2019. Oct 17, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/cornus-mas >