SelecTree: Tree Detail

BLACKFRUIT DOGWOOD
Cornus sessilis

General Notes

In its native range is commonly found as a member of the redwood understory along stream banks. A good tree for a wooded garden. Often combined with ferns and redwoods. Has attractive ridged leaves.

Has fragrant Flower.

Native to Northern California and Southern Oregon.

A Cornus sessilis in Shasta County is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 18 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 20 inches and a crown spread of 16 feet.

Family: Cornaceae

Additional Common Names

BLACKFRUIT DOGWOOD, BLACKFRUIT CORNEL, MINER'S DOGWOOD

Tree Characteristics

Spreading with a High Canopy.

Oval, Rounded, Umbrella or Vase Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 15 - 20 feet.

Width: 7 - 10 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Oval, Green, Red, Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant Yellow to White. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Prolific, Purple-Black Drupe, Very Small (Under 0.25 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.

Bark Dark Gray or Light Gray, Blocky or Furrowed.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Low out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 4 - 9 and 14 - 17.

USDA Hardiness Zones 7 - 10.

Exposure Partial Shade to Full Shade.

Moist but Well Drained Soil.

Clay or Loam Texture.

Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Medium in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Beetle Borers and Scales, Armillaria, Anthracnose, Phytophthora and Root Rot.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Deer Palatable.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Cornus sessilis Tree Record." 1995-2018. Sep 20, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/cornus-sessilis >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.