SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Lyon Arboretum - Honolulu, HI, LA County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA, San Antonio Botanic Garden - San Antonio, TX, Foster Botanical Garden - Honolulu, HI and Tropical Gardens of Maui - HI
The calabash tree, which bears bat-pollinated greenish flowers with purple-brown markings right out of the corky bark (cauliflory), is salt tolerant and drought resistant. Dried fruit, which resemble gourds, are hollowed and used to make musical instruments and small vessels for serving or drinking. This tree was an early horticultural introduction to Hawaii in the early 1800s, and the fruits were filled with Canna seeds and used as a hula rattle. Crescentia cujete has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of -8 (Low Risk).
Native to Central and South America.
Additional Common Names
CALABASH TREE, GOURD, PACKY
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 20 - 30 feet.
Width: 25 - 30 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 36 Inches per Year.
Leaves Oval, Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Showy. Green or Yellow. Flowers in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Green Capsule, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer.
Bark Gray, Rough.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate to Moderately Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun.
Well Drained Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Acidic to Alkaline Soil pH.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Special Uses & Values
Specimen, Buffer Strip or Street Tree.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Crescentia cujete Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 9, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/crescentia-cujete >