SelecTree: Tree Detail
AFRICAN RED ALDER
Photo Locations: Culver City, CA, Huntington Botanical Gardens - San Marino, CA, Strybing Arboretum - San Francisco, CA and Quail Botanical Gardens - Encinitas, CA
New foliage is bronzey red.
Has fragrant Flower.
Native to Southern Africa.
Additional Common Names
AFRICAN RED ALDER, BUTTERSPOON TREE, BUTTERKNIFE TREE, ROOIELS
Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 30 - 60 feet.
Width: 10 - 20 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 40 to 150 years.
Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Showy. Fragrant Cream to White. Flowers in Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Brown Capsule, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall Wildlife use it.
Bark Light Green or Light Gray, Rough.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low in Leaf.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 9 and 12 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
None Known Health Hazard.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Cunonia capensis Tree Record." 1995-2020. Feb 27, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/cunonia-capensis >