SelecTree: Tree Detail

LONGAN
Dimocarpus longan

Dimocarpus longan Dimocarpus longan Dimocarpus longan Dimocarpus longan Dimocarpus longan Dimocarpus longan Dimocarpus longan Dimocarpus longan Dimocarpus longan Dimocarpus longan Dimocarpus longan Dimocarpus longan

Photo Locations: Foster Botanical Garden - Honolulu, HI, Kalaheo, Maui, HI

General Notes

Longan is occasionally grown in Hawai'i as a dooryard fruit tree and has been recommended for street tree planting. The fruit is produced in late summer and fall. Trees are self-fertile but bear erratically, with heavy fruit production in some years and almost none in others. They require rich soil and regular applications of fertilizer when bearing. Fruit can be used cooked or raw and the flesh of the fruit is used as an antidote for poison. The seeds can be made into shampoo and burnt for fuel. Dimocarpus longan has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of -2 (Low Risk).

 

Native to Southeast Asia.

Family: Sapindaceae

Additional Common Names

LONGAN, DRAGON'S EYE

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading Low or High Canopy.

Rounded Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 30 - 40 feet.

Width: 20 - 30 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Leaves Pinnately Compound, Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. White. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Prolific, Light Brown to Orange Berry, Small to Medium (0.25 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Edible and Wildlife use it.

Bark Gray, Rough or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit and Leaves.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Slightly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Mammals.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Street Tree, Fruit Tree.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Dimocarpus longan Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/dimocarpus-longan >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.