SelecTree: Tree Detail

SOUTH AFRICAN CORAL TREE
Erythrina caffra

Erythrina caffra Erythrina caffra Erythrina caffra Erythrina caffra Erythrina caffra Erythrina caffra Erythrina caffra Erythrina caffra Erythrina caffra Erythrina caffra Erythrina caffra Erythrina caffra Erythrina caffra Erythrina caffra Erythrina caffra

Photo Locations: Quail Botanical Gardens - Encinitas, CA, Brentwood, CA, Santa Barbara Courthouse - Santa Barbara, CA and Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA

General Notes

Showy red-orange flowers, thorny. Tree provides summer canopy. Leave room for spreading canopy. Seeds are poisonous.

Has thorns.

Native to South Africa.

An Erythrina caffra in Virginia Robinson Gardens, Beverly Hills, CA is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 65 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 184 inches and a crown spread of 80 feet.

Family: Fabaceae

Additional Common Names

SOUTH AFRICAN CORAL TREE, COAST CORAL TREE, KAFFIR CORAL TREE, KAFFERBOOM TREE

Tree Characteristics

Spreading with a Low Canopy.

Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 20 - 40 feet.

Width: 40 - 60 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 40 to 150 years.

Leaves Trifoliate, Medium Green, Gold, Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Orange or Red. Flowers in Spring or Winter. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Brown Pod, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Spring or Summer.

Bark Dark Gray or Light Gray, Spiny.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Low out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 21 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Neutral to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Invasive Shot Hole Borer and Aphids.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Poisonous Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.

Attracts Birds.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Erythrina caffra Tree Record." 1995-2018. May 22, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/erythrina-caffra >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI