SelecTree: Tree Detail
SOUTH AFRICAN CORAL TREE
Photo Locations: Quail Botanical Gardens - Encinitas, CA, Brentwood, CA, Santa Barbara Courthouse - Santa Barbara, CA and Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA
Showy red-orange flowers, thorny. Tree provides summer canopy. Leave room for spreading canopy. Seeds are poisonous.
Native to South Africa.
An Erythrina caffra in Virginia Robinson Gardens, Beverly Hills, CA is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 65 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 184 inches and a crown spread of 80 feet.
Additional Common Names
SOUTH AFRICAN CORAL TREE, COAST CORAL TREE, KAFFIR CORAL TREE, KAFFERBOOM TREE
Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Rounded or Spreading Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 20 - 40 feet.
Width: 40 - 60 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 40 to 150 years.
Leaves Trifoliate, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous.
Flowers Showy. Orange or Red. Flowers in Spring or Winter. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Brown Legume, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Spring or Summer.
Bark Dark Gray or Light Gray, Spiny.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Low out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 21 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Neutral to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Invasive Shot Hole Borer and Aphids.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Poisonous Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Erythrina caffra Tree Record." 1995-2021. Apr 12, 2021.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/erythrina-caffra >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI