SelecTree: Tree Detail

COCKSPUR CORAL TREE
Erythrina crista-galli

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Photo Locations: Sacramento, CA, Foster Botanical Garden - Honolulu, HI and Cal Poly Campus - San Luis Obispo, CA

General Notes

Utility Friendly Tree Utility friendly tree.

Most of the 100 or so species in the genus Erythrina have scarlet red to deep orange, scentless, nectar-filled flowers. Most coral trees produce striking red and black seeds that are used as beads. The cockspur coral tree is relatively common in California and occasionally planted in Hawai'i. Another cultivated species, Indian coral tree (Erythrina variegata) was widely planted in rural landscapes, especially columnar varieties as windbreak, and occasional street trees. Many trees have been lost to the erythrina gall wasp (Quadrastichus erythrinae) since 2005. The native wiliwili tree (Erythrina sandwicensis) has also been impacted by this same wasp. Erythrina crista-galli has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 6 (Evaluate) and the Plant Pono link is: https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/erythrina-crista-galli/.

Has fragrant Flower.

Has thorns.

Native to South America.

An Erythrina crista-galli in Sacramento Capital Park #81 is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 34 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 136 inches and a crown spread of 99 feet.

Family: Fabaceae

Additional Common Names

COCKSPUR CORAL TREE, CRYBABY TREE, FIREMAN'S CAP TREE

Tree Characteristics

Rounded or Spreading Shape.

Has Partly Deciduous foliage.

Height: 15 - 20 feet.

Width: 15 - 20 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 40 to 150 years.

Leaves Compound with Three Leaflets, Dark Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Partly Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant Pink or Red. Flowers in Spring, Summer or Fall. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Brown Legume, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Wildlife use it.

Bark Red Brown, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 7 - 9, 12 - 17 and 19 - 24; H1.

USDA Hardiness Zones 8 - 10.

Exposure Full Sun.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Aphids, Erythrina Gall Wasp, Armillaria, Root Rot and Sooty Mold.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Poisonous Health Hazard.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Erythrina crista-galli Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/erythrina-crista-galli >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI