SelecTree: Tree Detail

PUA KENIKENI
Fagraea berteroana

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Photo Locations: Hilo, Kona, Oahu, HI

General Notes

Pua kenikeni, which is used in leis, is easily grown in high-rainfall areas but must be provided with plenty of water in drier locales. It prefers full sun and a well-drained, reasonably fertile soil and requires gentle pruning to counteract its naturally straggling habit. Fruit should be picked off when young since it inhibits further flower production if allowed to develop. Fagraea berteroana has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of -1 (Low Risk), and the Plant Pono link is: https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/fagraea-berteroana/

Has fragrant Flower.

Native to Pacific Islands.

Family: Gentianaceae

Additional Common Names

PUA KENIKENI, PERFUME FLOWER TREE, PUA

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading Low or High Canopy.

Rounded Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 15 - 45 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.

Leaves Obovate, Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant White, Orange or Yellow. Flowers in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Prolific, Orange Berry, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer Wildlife use it.

Bark Dark Gray, Light Brown, Rough or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Flowers, Dry Fruit and Leaves.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun.

Wet to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Scales, Mealybugs.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Irritant Health Hazard.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Flowering Tree, Specimen Tree.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Fagraea berteroana Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/fagraea-berteroana >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.