SelecTree: Tree Detail

EUROPEAN BEECH
Fagus sylvatica

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Photo Locations: Chico, CA, San Luis Obispo, CA, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR and Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA

General Notes

Aphids cause dripping honeydew.

Native to Central Europe to Caucasus.

Family: Fagaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Conical Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 65 - 80 feet.

Width: 50 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years or more.

Leaves Oval, Glossy Medium to Dark Green, Bronze or No Change, Deciduous.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown Nut in Spiny Husk, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Fall Edible.

Bark Mottled, Striking, Dark Gray or Light Gray, Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 2 - 9 and 14 - 21; A3.

USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 7.

Exposure Full Sun.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids and Spider Mites, Canker, Armillaria, Phytophthora, Root Rot and Sooty Mold.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Special Uses & Values

Pleached.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Fagus sylvatica Tree Record." 1995-2019. May 26, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/fagus-sylvatica >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI