SelecTree: Tree Detail

INDIAN BANYAN
Ficus benghalensis

Ficus benghalensis Ficus benghalensis Ficus benghalensis Ficus benghalensis Ficus benghalensis Ficus benghalensis Ficus benghalensis Ficus benghalensis Ficus benghalensis Ficus benghalensis Ficus benghalensis Ficus benghalensis Ficus benghalensis Ficus benghalensis Ficus benghalensis

Photo Locations: Oahu, Kona, Maui, HI

General Notes

Banyan trees are far too large for home gardens. It is a shade tree for public parks, estates, churchyards, schools, and other spacious areas. It is salt tolerant and can be grown near the ocean in sandy beach soil, fully exposed to windblown salt spray. Unfortunately scale insects often infest the foliage, leading to unsightly growths of sooty mold fungus, which thrives on the insect exrement.

Fruit can be eaten raw. The leaves are used to remedy dysentery and diarrhoea. The aerial roots are used for temporary binding materials. The bark and leaves contain tannins. The latex obtained from all parts of the plant can be used to produce an inferior quality rubber. Ficus benghalensis has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 3 (Evaluate).

 

 

Native to Sri Lanka, India, Pakistan.

Family: Moraceae

Additional Common Names

INDIAN BANYAN, BANYAN FIG, BANYAN

Tree Characteristics

Spreading High Canopy and Extensive Area.

Spreading Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 100 feet.

Width: 120 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Oval, Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer. Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious).

Prolific, Green, Orange Multiple Fruit, Small to Medium (0.25 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer Edible and Wildlife use it.

Bark Light Gray, Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Flowers and Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun.

Wet to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Acidic to Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Coastal Good.

Seaside Tolerance is Good.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Scales, Sooty Mold.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Biogenic Emissions considered High.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Mammals.

Deer Palatable.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Shade Tree, Specimen Tree.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ficus benghalensis Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ficus-benghalensis >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.