SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Oahu, Kona, Maui, HI
Banyan trees are far too large for home gardens. It is a shade tree for public parks, estates, churchyards, schools, and other spacious areas. It is salt tolerant and can be grown near the ocean in sandy beach soil, fully exposed to windblown salt spray. Unfortunately scale insects often infest the foliage, leading to unsightly growths of sooty mold fungus, which thrives on the insect exrement.
Fruit can be eaten raw. The leaves are used to remedy dysentery and diarrhoea. The aerial roots are used for temporary binding materials. The bark and leaves contain tannins. The latex obtained from all parts of the plant can be used to produce an inferior quality rubber. Ficus benghalensis has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 3 (Evaluate).
Native to Sri Lanka, India, Pakistan.
Additional Common Names
INDIAN BANYAN, BANYAN FIG, BANYAN
Spreading High Canopy and Extensive Area.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 100 feet.
Width: 120 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity Greater than 150 years.
Leaves Oval, Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer. Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious).
Prolific, Green, Orange Multiple Fruit, Small to Medium (0.25 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer Edible and Wildlife use it.
Bark Light Gray, Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Flowers and Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun.
Wet to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Acidic to Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Coastal Good.
Seaside Tolerance is Good.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Scales, Sooty Mold.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Biogenic Emissions considered High.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Attracts Birds and Mammals.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Special Uses & Values
Shade Tree, Specimen Tree.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ficus benghalensis Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ficus-benghalensis >