SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Maui, HI, Paris, France, San Luis Obispo, CA, Pismo Beach, CA, Orange, CA, Alamedas Plazas and Alice Keck Park Memorial Garden - Santa Barbara, CA and Los Angeles, CA
This species is one of the most commonly grown houseplants in the temperate world, whereas in the tropics it matures into a large tree. In Hawai'i, where it grows as an ornamental tree, it is often confused with the more widely naturalized species, Ficus microcarpa. Ficus benjamina can be distinguished from Ficus microcarpa because it has numerous, relatively inconspicuous leaf veins, few to no aerial roots, no thrip damage, and longer pointed tips on the leaves. Many variegated forms of this species are sold and grown as houseplants and landscape trees. Ficus benjamina has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 4 (Evaluate).
Native to India and Malaysia.
Additional Common Names
WEEPING CHINESE BANYAN, WEEPING FIG
Compact and Erect with a Low Canopy.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 60 - 100 feet.
Width: 50 - 60 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 40 to 150 years.
Leaves Ovate, Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Summer. Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious).
Red Multiple Fruit, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall.
Bark Light Green or Light Gray, Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 13 and 23 - 24; H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 12.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Slightly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Mealy Bugs, Scales and Spider Mites, Root Rot, Sooty Mold and Verticillium.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
None Known Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered High.
Special Uses & Values
Espalier or Hedged.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ficus benjamina Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ficus-benjamina >