SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: National Arboretum - Washington, DC and San Luis Obispo, CA
'Mission' and 'Brown Turkey' are popular varieties. Most bear two crops per year. Varieties 'Kadota' and 'Mission' are resistant to oak root fungus.
Cal-IPC (California Invasive Plant Council) classifies the invasiveness of this plant as moderate.
Has fragrant Fruit.
Native to Western Asia and the Eastern Mediterranean.
Additional Common Names
EDIBLE FIG, COMMON FIG
Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Rounded, Umbrella or Vase Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 20 - 30 feet.
Width: 10 - 20 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Palmate, Medium Green, Gold, Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring or Winter. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Prolific, Brown, White or Mostly Green Multiple Fruit Drupelets, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Edible.
Bark Light Gray, Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 4 - 9 and 12 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 6 - 9.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Invasive Shot Hole Borer, Canker, Fusarium, Armillaria, Root Rot and Virus.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Irritant Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered High.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Attracts Birds and Bees.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ficus carica Tree Record." 1995-2018. Jun 24, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ficus-carica >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI