SelecTree: Tree Detail

RUBBER TREE
Ficus elastica

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Photo Locations: Disneyland - Anaheim, CA, Balboa Park - San Diego, CA and San Luis Obispo, CA

General Notes

One of the many widely cultivated Ficus, the rubber tree has several cultivated forms that vary in leaf color, variegation, and size. Although they are often sold as houseplants, these can become very large trees, as they do in the wild in northeast India, where they have large aerial roots. When damaged, rubber trees make a sticky latex that can be used to make a type of crude rubber. Ficus elastica has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of -5 (Low Risk).

Native to India and Malaysia.

Family: Moraceae

Additional Common Names

RUBBER TREE, INDIA RUBBER FIG, RUBBER PLANT, DECORA TREE

Tree Characteristics

Rounded Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 30 - 45 feet.

Width: 25 - 30 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 or More Inches per Year.

Leaves Oval, Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. White.. Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious).

Green Multiple Fruit, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches).

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate to Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Fruit and Leaves.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 13, 16 - 17 and 19 - 24; H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 12.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Well Drained Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Acidic to Alkaline Soil pH.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Scales.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Root Damage Potential Rated as High.

Special Uses & Values

Specimen, Buffer Strip, Container, Screen or Shade Tree.

Espalier.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ficus elastica Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 9, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ficus-elastica >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.