SelecTree: Tree Detail

MORETON BAY FIG
Ficus macrophylla

Ficus macrophylla Ficus macrophylla Ficus macrophylla Ficus macrophylla Ficus macrophylla Ficus macrophylla Ficus macrophylla Ficus macrophylla Ficus macrophylla Ficus macrophylla Ficus macrophylla Ficus macrophylla Ficus macrophylla Ficus macrophylla Ficus macrophylla

Photo Locations: Alameda Plazas and Alice Keck Park Memorial Garden - Santa Barbara, CA, Los Angeles, CA, Beverly Hills, CA and Balboa Park - San Diego, CA

General Notes

The Moreton Bay fig, named after Moreton Bay, near Brisbane in East Australia where they are native, is one of the largest cultivated figs. It needs ample water and lots of room to grow. Mature trees make massive buttressing roots, and in more humid areas, aerial roots. Although far too big for planting in home gardens or as a street tree, the Moreton Bay fig makes a spectacular park specimen. Ficus macrophylla has a HPWRA (Hawaii Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 3.

Native to Eastern Australia.

A Ficus macrophylla in Glendora is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 99 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 569 inches and a crown spread of 129 feet.

Family: Moraceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 75 - 180 feet.

Width: 70 - 130 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Oval, Glossy Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Summer. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Prolific, Purple or Yellow Multiple Fruit Drupelets, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Fall Edible.

Bark Dark Gray or Light Gray.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit and Leaves.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 17 and 19 - 24; H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Scales.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak

Root Damage Potential Rated as High.

Irritant Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered High.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ficus macrophylla Tree Record." 1995-2020. Feb 27, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ficus-macrophylla >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.