SelecTree: Tree Detail
MORETON BAY FIG
Photo Locations: Kona, HI, Alameda Plazas and Alice Keck Park Memorial Garden - Santa Barbara, CA, Los Angeles, CA, Beverly Hills, CA and Balboa Park - San Diego, CA
The Moreton Bay fig, named after Moreton Bay, near Brisbane in East Australia where they are native, is one of the largest cultivated figs. It needs ample water and lots of room to grow. Mature trees make massive buttressing roots, and in more humid areas, aerial roots. Although far too big for planting in home gardens or as a street tree, the Moreton Bay fig makes a spectacular park specimen. Ficus macrophylla has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 3 (Evaluate).
Native to Eastern Australia.
A Ficus macrophylla in Glendora is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 99 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 569 inches and a crown spread of 129 feet.
Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Rounded or Spreading Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 75 - 180 feet.
Width: 70 - 130 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity Greater than 150 years.
Leaves Oval, Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Summer. Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious).
Prolific, Purple or Yellow Multiple Fruit, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Fall Edible.
Bark Dark Gray or Light Gray.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Wet Fruit and Leaves.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 17 and 19 - 24; H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Scales.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak
Root Damage Potential Rated as High.
Irritant Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered High.
Fire Resistance is Favorable.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ficus macrophylla Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 9, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ficus-macrophylla >