SelecTree: Tree Detail

PEEPUL OR BODHI TREE
Ficus religiosa

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Photo Locations: San Marcos Growers - Santa Barbara, CA, Balboa Park - San Diego, CA, Disneyland - Anaheim, CA and Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA

General Notes

This large tree is briefly deciduous in the late summer and fall. It is sacred and historically significant in Buddhism, and often found growing on the grounds of Buddhist temples in Hawai'i. Historical records exist of the use of this species to treat ailments and disorders including asthma, diabetes, diarrhea, epilepsy, gastric problems, inflammatory, infectious and sexual disorders. Ficus religiosa has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 7 (High Risk).

Native to India to southeast Asia.

A Ficus religiosa in Los Angeles is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 64 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 280 inches and a crown spread of 62 feet.

Family: Moraceae

Additional Common Names

PEEPUL TREE, BO-TREE, SACRED FIG, BODHI TREE, BODHI

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Rounded Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 60 - 100 feet.

Width: 60 - 100 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 40 to 150 years.

Leaves Round, Light Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. . Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious).

Purple Multiple Fruit, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches).

Bark Dark Brown or Light Green, Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 13, 19, 21 and 23 - 24; H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 12.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Neutral to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Moderate Inland.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Scales.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Irritant Health Hazard.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ficus religiosa Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ficus-religiosa >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.