SelecTree: Tree Detail

RUSTY-LEAF FIG
Ficus rubiginosa

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Photo Locations: Oahu, HI, Cal Poly Campus - San Luis Obispo, CA, Irvine, CA, San Diego, CA and Santa Barbara City College

General Notes

The rusty-leaf fig is a strangling fig, which begins life in the wild as a seedling that grows on other plants (hemiepiphyte) or rocks (lithophyte), eventually reaching a massive size with a large buttressed trunk. In cultivation they are planted as free standing trees that form a large dark canopy and no aerial roots in drier areas. A great deal of leaf size variation exists in this species as well as variegated cultivars. Ficus rubiginosa has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 7 (High Risk).

Native to Eastern Australia.

Family: Moraceae

Additional Common Names

RUSTY-LEAF FIG, RUSTY FIG, PORT JACKSON FIG, LITTLE-LEAF FIG

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy.

Rounded Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 35 - 50 feet.

Width: 35 - 60 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Ovate with Long Tapering Tip, Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. White. Flowers in Summer. Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious).

Yellow or Mostly Green Multiple Fruit, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall.

Bark Dark Gray or Light Gray, Rough or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 18 - 24; H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Slightly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Scales.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak

Root Damage Potential Rated as High.

None Known Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered High.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ficus rubiginosa Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ficus-rubiginosa >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.