SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, Strybing Arboretum - San Francisco, CA, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA
Native to Europe.
Trees may be referred to as male or female.
Additional Common Names
EUROPEAN ASH, COMMON ASH
Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Oval or Rounded Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 60 - 80 feet.
Width: 60 - 90 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years or more.
Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd, Dark Green, No Change, Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Fall. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.
Yellow or Mostly Green Winged Seed, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer.
Bark Dark Gray, Furrowed or Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 8.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Wet to Moist Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Scales, Root Rot, Sooty Mold and Verticillium.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Fire Resistance is Favorable.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Not Deer Palatable.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Fraxinus excelsior Tree Record." 1995-2018. Jun 21, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/fraxinus-excelsior >