SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, Paso Robles, CA, Ventura, CA, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA
Tolerates some drought. Grows poorly where ocean salt spray occurs.
Native to Eastern and Central North America.
Trees may be referred to as male or female.
Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Rounded or Spreading Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 35 - 70 feet.
Width: 25 - 35 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 or More Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years or more.
Leaves Bipinnately Compound, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has either male or female reproductive parts (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.
Brown Legume, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall.
Bark Black or Dark Brown, Furrowed, Ridged or Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Low out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit and Twigs.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 16 and 18 - 20.
USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 7.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Wet to Dry Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Invasive Shot Hole Borer, Caterpillars, Insect Galls, Pod Gall Midge and Spider Mites, Mistletoe, Phytophthora and Root Rot.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Fire Resistance is Favorable.
Attracts Birds and Bees.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Gleditsia triacanthos Tree Record." 1995-2021. Jan 21, 2021.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/gleditsia-triacanthos >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI