SelecTree: Tree Detail
SOUTH AFRICAN WILD PLUM
Photo Locations: San Diego Zoo - San Diego, CA, Cal Poly State University - San Luis Obispo, CA and Franceschi Park - Santa Barbara, CA
Its drooping leaves and heavy rounded crown makes for a good shade tree. New growth is red. Its sour, plum-like fruit is used to make jams, jellies and wine. Plenty of planting space should be used in Southern California as it is observed to have invasive roots in the wider Los Angeles region. Conflicting information on root damage potential in other regions suggest one should error on the side of caution.
Native to Southern Africa.
Trees may be referred to as male or female.
Additional Common Names
SOUTH AFRICAN WILD PLUM, WILD PLUM, KAFFIR PLUM
Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 40 - 50 feet.
Width: 40 - 50 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 40 to 150 years.
Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Green or White. Flowers in Spring. Has either male or female reproductive parts (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.
Red Drupe, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer Edible and Wildlife use it.
Bark Dark Brown or Light Gray, Rough.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 17, 19 and 21 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 10.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Slightly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Coastal Good.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as High.
None Known Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Harpephyllum caffrum Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/harpephyllum-caffrum >