SelecTree: Tree Detail

TOYON
Heteromeles arbutifolia

Heteromeles arbutifolia Heteromeles arbutifolia Heteromeles arbutifolia Heteromeles arbutifolia Heteromeles arbutifolia Heteromeles arbutifolia Heteromeles arbutifolia Heteromeles arbutifolia Heteromeles arbutifolia Heteromeles arbutifolia Heteromeles arbutifolia Heteromeles arbutifolia Heteromeles arbutifolia Heteromeles arbutifolia Heteromeles arbutifolia

Photo Locations: Carmel, CA, San Luis Obispo, CA, San Diego Botanical Gardens - Encinitas, CA and Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA

General Notes

Utility Friendly Tree Utility friendly tree.

Sudden Oak Death manifested as leaf spot and twig die-back. Some studies suggest the leathery leaves are less flammable than other natives.

Native to California.

A Heteromeles arbutifolia in Santa Barbara Co. is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 32 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 58 inches and a crown spread of 28 feet.

Family: Rosaceae

Additional Common Names

TOYON, CHRISTMAS BERRY, CALIFORNIA HOLLY

Tree Characteristics

Erect with a Low Canopy.

Rounded or Vase Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 15 - 25 feet.

Width: 8 - 15 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Oblong, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Showy. White. Flowers in Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Prolific, Red Berry, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter Wildlife use it.

Bark Dark Brown, Dark Gray or Light Gray, Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 5 - 9 and 14 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Scales and Thrip, Sudden Oak Death, Armillaria and Root Rot.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

None Known Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Low.

Fire Resistance is Conflicting.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Bees.

Deer Palatable.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Heteromeles arbutifolia Tree Record." 1995-2018. Dec 9, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/heteromeles-arbutifolia >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI