SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA and Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR
Resistant to oak root fungus. Smog tolerant.
Cal-IPC (California Invasive Plant Council) classifies the invasiveness of this plant as moderate.
Native to Southern and Central Europe and Great Britain.
Trees may be referred to as male or female.
Additional Common Names
ENGLISH HOLLY, EUROPEAN HOLLY, COMMON HOLLY
Compact and Erect with a Low Canopy.
Conical, Oval or Rounded Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 40 feet.
Width: 25 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Ovate, Glossy Dark Green or White, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.
Prolific, Red Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter Wildlife use it.
Bark Dark Gray or Light Gray, Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 4 - 9 and 14 - 17.
USDA Hardiness Zones 7 - 9.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Leaf Miner, Mealy Bugs and Scales, Armillaria and Sooty Mold.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Low.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Attracts Birds and Bees.
Not Deer Palatable.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ilex aquifolium Tree Record." 1995-2018. Jul 20, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ilex-aquifolium >