SelecTree: Tree Detail

CHINESE HOLLY
Ilex cornuta

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Photo Locations: Dallas Arboretum - Dallas, TX, LSU Hilltop Arboretum - Baton Rouge, LA and The National Arboretum - Washington, DC

General Notes

Utility Friendly Tree Utility friendly tree.

Needs long, warm growing season to develop fruit. Some dwarf varieties require pollinator to produce berries.

Has thorns.

Native to China and Korea.

Trees may be referred to as male or female.

Family: Aquifoliaceae

Tree Characteristics

Compact and Erect with a Low Canopy.

Oval or Rounded Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 10 - 20 feet.

Width: 10 - 20 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Rectangular, Glossy Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. White. Flowers in Spring. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.

Prolific, Red Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter Wildlife use it.

Bark Dark Gray, Light Gray or Light Green, Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 3 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 7 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Slightly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Invasive Shot Hole Borer, Leaf Miner, Mealy Bugs and Scales, Armillaria and Sooty Mold.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Bees.

Not Deer Palatable.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Hedged or Topiary.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ilex cornuta Tree Record." 1995-2019. Nov 22, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ilex-cornuta >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.