SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: LSU Hilltop Arboretum - Baton Rouge, LA, Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA and The National Arboretum - Washington, CA
Utility friendly tree.
Branches droop but resist breakage. Unlike most hollies, this one looses its leaves in the fall.
Native to Central and South Eastern United States.
Trees may be referred to as male or female.
Additional Common Names
POSSUMHAW HOLLY, DECIDUOUS HOLLY
Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Rounded or Vase Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 6 - 20 feet.
Width: 6 - 20 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.
Leaves Elliptic, Green, No Change, Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. White. Flowers in Spring. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.
Persistent, Red or Orange Drupe, Very Small (Under 0.25 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer Wildlife use it.
Bark Gray, Rough or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense to Very Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 9.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Wet but Well Drained Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Acidic to Alkaline Soil pH.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Armillaria.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Special Uses & Values
Specimen, Buffer Strip or Container.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ilex decidua Tree Record." 1995-2019. Apr 19, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ilex-decidua >