SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Strybing Arboretum - San Francisco, CA and Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR
A small holly tree identified by sessile leaves with a squared leaf base.
Native to China.
Trees may be referred to as male or female.
Compact and Erect with a Low Canopy.
Oval or Rounded Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 30 feet.
Width: 10 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Rectangular, Glossy Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.
Prolific, Red Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter Wildlife use it.
Bark Dark Gray.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 4 - 9 and 14 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 6 - 9.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Leaf Miner and Scales, Armillaria.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
None Known Health Hazard.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Not Deer Palatable.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Special Uses & Values
Hedged or Topiary.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ilex pernyi Tree Record." 1995-2018. Jul 20, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ilex-pernyi >