SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Dallas Arboretum - Dallas, TX, Louisiana State Arboretum - Ville Platte, LA, LSU Hilltop Arboretum - Baton Rouge, LA, Cohn Arboretum - Baton Rouge, LA and Huntington Botanical Gardens - San Marino, CA
Utility friendly tree.
No pollinator needed to produce berries.
Native to Southeastern United States.
Trees may be referred to as male or female.
Oval or Rounded Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 15 - 20 feet.
Width: 10 - 15 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Oval to Ovate, Glossy Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.
Prolific, Red Drupe, Very Small (Under 0.25 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter Wildlife use it.
Bark Mottled, Striking, Dark Gray or Light Gray, Scaly or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 3 - 9 and 11 - 24; H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 8 - 10.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Leaf Miner, Armillaria.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Not Deer Palatable.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Special Uses & Values
Hedged or Topiary.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ilex vomitoria Tree Record." 1995-2018. Jun 24, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ilex-vomitoria >