SelecTree: Tree Detail

SWEET BAY
Magnolia virginiana

Magnolia virginiana Magnolia virginiana Magnolia virginiana Magnolia virginiana Magnolia virginiana Magnolia virginiana Magnolia virginiana Magnolia virginiana Magnolia virginiana Magnolia virginiana Magnolia virginiana Magnolia virginiana Magnolia virginiana Magnolia virginiana Magnolia virginiana

Photo Locations: Longwood Gardens - Kennette Square, PA, Dallas Arboretum - Dallas, TX, LSU Hilltop Arboretum - Baton Rouge, LA, Louisiana State Arboretum - Ville Platte, LA, River Banks Botanical Garden - Columbia, SC, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA and The National Arboretum - Washington, DC

General Notes

Blooms at approximately 8-10 years old. Often multi-trunked.

Has fragrant Flower and Leaf.

Native to Southeastern United States.

Family: Magnoliaceae

Additional Common Names

SWEET BAY, SWAMP MAGNOLIA

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy.

Oval Shape.

Has Deciduous to Partly Deciduous foliage.

Height: 40 - 50 feet.

Width: 15 - 25 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Elliptic to Ovate, Gray Green or White, Deciduous to Partly Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Yellow or Mostly Green Follicle, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall.

Bark Light Gray, Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Flowers and Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 4 - 9 and 14 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 10.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Wet to Moist Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.

Seaside Tolerance is Good to Medium in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Invasive Shot Hole Borer, Aphids, Scales and Spider Mites, Armillaria.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Magnolia virginiana Tree Record." 1995-2018. Oct 17, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/magnolia-virginiana >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.