SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Longwood Gardens - Kennette Square, PA, Dallas Arboretum - Dallas, TX, LSU Hilltop Arboretum - Baton Rouge, LA, Louisiana State Arboretum - Ville Platte, LA, River Banks Botanical Garden - Columbia, SC, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA and The National Arboretum - Washington, DC
Blooms at approximately 8-10 years old. Often multi-trunked.
Has fragrant Flower and Leaf.
Native to Southeastern United States.
Additional Common Names
SWEET BAY, SWAMP MAGNOLIA
Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy.
Has Deciduous to Partly Deciduous foliage.
Height: 40 - 50 feet.
Width: 15 - 25 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Elliptic to Ovate, Gray Green or White, Deciduous to Partly Deciduous.
Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Yellow or Mostly Green Follicle, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall.
Bark Light Gray, Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Flowers and Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 4 - 9 and 14 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 10.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Wet to Moist Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.
Seaside Tolerance is Good to Medium in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Invasive Shot Hole Borer, Aphids, Scales and Spider Mites, Armillaria.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Magnolia virginiana Tree Record." 1995-2019. Jun 26, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/magnolia-virginiana >