SelecTree: Tree Detail
Malus baccata 'Columnaris'
Photo Locations: The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA
Deciduous tree with a narrow crown.
Has fragrant Flower.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 30 - 35 feet.
Width: 8 - 10 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Elliptic to Ovate, Medium Green, Gold, Deciduous.
Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Red or Yellow Pome, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall Edible and Wildlife use it.
Bark Light Green or Light Gray, Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 11 and 14 - 21.
USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 8.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.
Seaside Tolerance is Medium in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Beetle Borers, Coddling Moths and Psyllid, Armillaria, Canker, Crown Rot, Fire Blight, Scab and Sooty Mold.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Attracts Birds and Bees.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Malus baccata 'Columnaris' Tree Record." 1995-2019. Jan 15, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/malus-baccata-columnaris >