SelecTree: Tree Detail

Malus sylvestris

Malus sylvestris

Photo Locations:

General Notes

Many edible varieties for wide range of environmental conditions. Some need cross-pollination.

Has fragrant Flower.

Native to Europe.

Family: Rosaceae

Additional Common Names


Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.

Rounded, Spreading or Vase Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 25 - 30 feet.

Width: 22 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Ovate, Dark Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant Pink or White. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Prolific, Red, Yellow or Mostly Green Pome, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Edible and Wildlife use it.

Bark Dark Gray, Scaly or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 8.

Exposure Full Sun.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good to Medium in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids, Beetle Borers, Coddling Moths and Psyllid, Armillaria, Brown Rot, Canker, Crown Rot, Powdery Mildew, Scab and Sooty Mold.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Bees, Squirrels, and Birds.

Deer Palatable.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values


Espalier, Hedged or Pleached.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Malus sylvestris Tree Record." 1995-2021. Apr 12, 2021.
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