SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Hilo and Kona, HI, LA County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA, San Diego, CA, Qail Botanical Gardens - Encinitas, CA and Chapala, Mexico
Mangos are cultivated throughout the tropical world, and hundreds of cultivated varieties exist, some of which are over 1,000 years old. Mangos are grown ubiquitously in Hawai'i and have become naturalized in windward low elevation areas. Many cultivars (‘Haden’ being the most popular) have been introduced into the Islands since the species was initially brought in the early 1800s. Trees produce best in hotter, drier leeward areas, but during extended dry periods require some irrigation to thrive. The sap from broken leaves may cause a contact dermatitis (like poison ivy and poison oak). Mangifera indica has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 1 (Evaluate), and the Plant Pono link is: https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/mangifera-indica/.
Native to India.
Trees may be referred to as male or female.
Additional Common Names
MANGO, COMMON MANGO, MANAKO, IEDEL, MANGA, KANGIT
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 50 feet.
Width: 30 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 or More Inches per Year.
Leaves Oblong, Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Showy. White. Flowers in Spring or Winter. Has either male or female reproductive parts (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.
Green, Yellow or Red Drupe, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Spring or Summer Edible and Wildlife use it.
Bark Brown, Blocky.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense to Very Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Fruit and Leaves.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 23 - 24; H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 11 - 12.
Exposure Full Sun.
Well Drained Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Acidic to Alkaline Soil pH.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Scales, Anthracnose and Sooty Mold.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Attracts Birds and Bees.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Special Uses & Values
Shade Tree or Screen.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Mangifera indica Tree Record." 1995-2021. May 13, 2021.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/mangifera-indica >