SelecTree: Tree Detail

BLACK MULBERRY
Morus nigra

Morus nigra Morus nigra Morus nigra Morus nigra

Photo Locations: Lotusland - Santa Barbara, CA and San Luis Obispo, CA

General Notes

Fruit is edible but mostly eaten by birds; it causes a mess. Sap and unripe fruit is toxic.

Native to Western Asia.

Trees may be referred to as male or female.

Family: Moraceae

Additional Common Names

BLACK MULBERRY, TOOT TREE, PERSIAN MULBERRY

Tree Characteristics

Spreading with a Low Canopy.

Rounded or Spreading Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 30 feet.

Width: 35 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Lobed, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous.

. Has either male or female reproductive parts (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.

Prolific, Black or Red Multiple Fruit, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches) Edible.

Bark Dark Brown, Light Green or Orange, Furrowed or Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 4 - 24; H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Caterpillars.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Weak.

Root Damage Potential Rated as High.

Poisonous Health Hazard.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Morus nigra Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/morus-nigra >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.