SelecTree: Tree Detail
Persea americana 'Mexicola'
Photo Locations: San Diego Botanic Garden - Encinitas, CA
Resistant to oak root fungus. Needs good drainage. Cross pollination increases fruit crop. More cold tolerant Mexican variety with a nuttly flavored purple fruit. Mexicola has a "A" flower type. Note: The avocado is unusual in that the timing of the male and female flower phases differs among varieties. There are two flowering types, referred to as "A" and "B" flower types. "A" varieties open as female on the morning of the first day. The flower closes in late morning or early afternoon. The flower will remain closed until the afternoon of the second day when it opens as male. "B" varieties open as female on the afternoon of the first day, close in late afternoon and re-open in the male phase the following morning. (source: http://www.ucavo.ucr.edu)
Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 35 - 40 feet.
Width: 20 - 30 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Oblong to Ovate, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring or Winter. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Purple Single Seeded Berry, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Edible.
Bark Light Gray, Furrowed or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Wet Fruit and Leaves.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 9 and 15 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Slightly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Armillaria. Susceptible to Invasive Shot Hole Borer, Aphids, Scales and Thrip, Anthracnose, Phytophthora, Root Rot and Verticillium.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
None Known Health Hazard.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Persea americana 'Mexicola' Tree Record." 1995-2020. Jan 27, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/persea-americana-mexicola >