SelecTree: Tree Detail
CANARY ISLAND DATE PALM
Photo Locations: Hearst Castle - San Simeon, CA, Cal Poly State University - San Luis Obispo, CA, Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA, Beverly Hills, CA, San Luis Obispo, CA, Santa Barbara, CA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA
This plant is weedy. We do not recommend planting it in Hawai’i.
The native home of this date palm, the Canary Islands, is a small archipelago off the western coast of Morocco. The Canary Island date palm can be identified by its thick trunk covered in diamond-shaped leaf scars, splays of inedible, orange fruits, and resplendent crown of over one hundred feather-shaped fronds. The lower leaflets grow into stout spines. A close relative, the date palm (P. dactylifera), the source of commercial dates, can be distinguished by its more slender trunk and more upright, bluish gray leaves. It is one of the most commonly grown palms in California. Phoenix canariensis has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 17 (High Risk).
Native to Canary Islands of Spain.
Trees may be referred to as male or female.
A Phoenix canariensis in San Jose State University is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 101 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 120 inches and a crown spread of 25 feet.
Erect and requires ample growing space.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 50 - 60 feet.
Width: 40 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Pinnately Compound, Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Yellow. Flowers in Spring. Has either male or female reproductive parts (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.
Orange or Yellow Drupe, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Fall.
Bark Light Green, Fibrous.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit and Leaves.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 8, 9 and 12 - 24; H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Good to Moderate Inland.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Texas Root Rot. Susceptible to Fusarium and Root Rot.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered High.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Phoenix canariensis Tree Record." 1995-2020. Dec 5, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/phoenix-canariensis >