SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: University of Arizona - Tucson, AZ, , Chino Water District - Chino, CA, Phoenix, AZ, Palm Springs, CA, San Jose, CA, UC Santa Barbara - Santa Barbara, CA, Cal Poly State University - San Luis Obispo, CA and Lotusland - Santa Barbara, CA
This plant is weedy. We do not recommend planting it in Hawai’i.
This tree is the source of edible dates. It needs high temperatures to fruit. Phoenix dactylifera has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 10 (High Risk).
Trees may be referred to as male or female.
Erect and requires ample growing space.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 80 - 100 feet.
Width: 20 - 40 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Frond and Pinnatifid, Bluish Green or Silver or Gray Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Yellow. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has either male or female reproductive parts (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.
Brown Drupe, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall Edible and Wildlife use it.
Bark Light Green, Fibrous or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit and Leaves.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 8, 9 and 11 - 24; H1, H2.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Good to Moderate Inland and Moderate on Coast.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Moderate Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Texas Root Rot.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered High.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Phoenix dactylifera Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 9, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/phoenix-dactylifera >