SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Washington Park Arboretum - Seattle, WA, The Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, Strybing Arboretum - San Francisco, CA, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA
Has fragrant Leaf.
Native to Northern Europe.
Additional Common Names
NORWAY SPRUCE, EUROPEAN SPRUCE
Erect and requires ample growing space.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 80 - 100 feet.
Width: 25 - 40 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Needle, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter or Summer.
Bark Red Brown, Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Leaves and Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 6 and 14 - 17.
USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 8.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Coastal Good.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Aphids, Scales and Spider Mites, Fusarium, Phytophthora, Root Rot, Rust and Sooty Mold.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as High.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered High.
Fire Resistance is Unfavorable.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Attracts Birds and Squirrels.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Picea abies Tree Record." 1995-2018. May 25, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/picea-abies >