SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA.
Native to Northeastern North America.
Additional Common Names
BLACK SPRUCE, SWAMP SPRUCE, BOG SPRUCE
Erect and requires ample growing space.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 30 - 50 feet.
Width: 6 - 10 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity Greater than 150 years.
Leaves Needle, Bluish Green or Silver or Gray Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown or Gray Cone, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.
Bark Light Green or Light Gray, Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 7; A1 - A3.
USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 6.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Wet to Moist Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Aphids, Beetle Borers and Scales, Armillaria, Root Rot, Rust and Sooty Mold.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Fire Resistance is Unfavorable.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Not Deer Palatable.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Picea mariana Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/picea-mariana >