SelecTree: Tree Detail

SITKA SPRUCE
Picea sitchensis

Picea sitchensis Picea sitchensis Picea sitchensis Picea sitchensis Picea sitchensis Picea sitchensis Picea sitchensis Picea sitchensis Picea sitchensis Picea sitchensis Picea sitchensis Picea sitchensis Picea sitchensis Picea sitchensis Picea sitchensis

Photo Locations: Cal Poly State University - San Luis Obispo, CA, Strybing Arboretum - San Francisco, CA and The National Arboretum - Washington, DC

General Notes

Needs ample moisture.

Has fragrant Leaf.

Native to Western North America.

A Picea sitchensis in Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 264 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 361 inches and a crown spread of 81 feet.

Family: Pinaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect and requires ample growing space.

Conical or Rounded Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 80 - 160 feet.

Width: 20 - 40 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Greater than 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown, Red or Yellow Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.

Bark Purple or Red Brown, Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 4 - 6 and 14 - 17.

USDA Hardiness Zones 6 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Aphids, Insect Galls and Scales, Armillaria, Phytophthora, Root Rot, Rust and Sooty Mold.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Weak to Medium

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.

Fire Resistance is Unfavorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Not Deer Palatable.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Picea sitchensis Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/picea-sitchensis >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.